April Lawn Tips
Wow March is gone already and April is now upon us. Here are some tips and tricks to keep your lawn looking it’s best! If you have any questions let us know!
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Gardeners To Do List For April
Plant ground covers and warm season annuals and perennials as soil temperatures warm and the danger of frost has passed, such as cannas and gladiola corms. It’s best to wait until next month to plant hot weather annuals such as caladiums, elephant ears, periwinkles, and zinnias. Here is our post on some of the best flowers for North Texas and Fort Worth.
Plant warm season turf grasses (Bermuda, St. Augustine and Zoysia) starting in mid April. Plant Bermuda grass seed only when nighttime temperatures average 65 degrees.
Early April plant: tomatoes, snap beans, radishes, cucumbers, corn, lima beans, mustard, peppers and squash. Late April plant: watermelon, southern peas, okra, cantaloupe, sweet potatoes, eggplant, and pumpkin.
Prune spring blooming shrubs and vines after they finish flowering.
Allow foliage on spring bulbs to die back and dry before removing, so it can store food for next year
Shade trees may be pruned. However, do not prune live oaks and red oaks between Feb. 15 and June 30.
Fertilize azaleas according to soil test recommendations after they finish blooming.
Check roses, ornamentals, and vegetables for powdery mildew, prevalent in mild, moist spring weather.
Check new growth on ornamental plants weekly for aphids and scale insects and treat if necessary.
Apply first fertilizer treatment to established warm season turf grasses (first to mid April). Use a fertilizer based on a soil test (which may cost as little as $10) and follow recommendations. “Weed & Feed” products are not recommended. Without a soil test it is hard to recommend a specific fertilizer, but typically an organic fertilizer such as Milorganite or Ringer Lawn Restore are safe to place every 4-6 weeks.
Mowing is imperitive
Mow established warm season turf grasses weekly or as needed. Never cut more than one third of the blade height. Talk to a local turfgrass expert about mowing length. Different species and even cultivars need different lengths. Two to Three inches is typically the best for bermuda and Three and a half to four and a half for St. Augustine.
Use broad-leafed weed control products to eliminate spring weeds such as dandelions, henbit, and chickweed. Some types can damage St. Augustine. Always read and follow label directions. Pre-emergents in North Texas probably should have been put down a few weeks ago, but you can still put down a late application along with your post-emergent treatments. Again make sure that you follow all label instructions and/or contact a local professional or extension agent for consultation.
Begin harvesting cool season vegetables.
Water all your plants when they’re dry, but be particularly diligent with new plantings that can quickly dry out in our persistent spring winds. Use 3 – 4 inches of mulch on all flower, shrub and vegetable beds.
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